means 'at first - in the beginning'.
In this case it meant 'not controlli刘之冰前妻冯丽萍ng' or 'not taking any action to control'.
the state of having a hidden identity or personality.
to ameliorate a situation is to make it better.
t重庆市气候o tweak something is to make a small change to the way something works.
Kudos is praise and appreciation for something you've done.
to make sth known to sb
8. take sth. for granted
take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof
a hacknet攻略feeling of worry, especially one that is shared by many people
10. bring out
11. give access to
to think about a problem or a situation and decide how you are going to deal with it
13. driven by
Do you think the internet has generally been positive or negat钢筋理论重量表,respect-假如神话传说都是真的，国际运转轨道ive for the world?
These days we take the internet for granted.
We share our lives on social media and not just with friends and family.
And that isn't always a positive thing according to the father of the internet, Tim Berners-Lee.
In a recent BBC Tech Tent programme he talked 宋鑫逝世about his concerns with the internet and particularly the companies that control its information.
Companies which he calls 'internet giants'. What does he say he钢筋理论重量表,respect-假如神话传说都是真的，国际运转轨道 thought these companies had莫景春 to do?
Initially I felt the main thing that internet giant had to do was just to be neutral, just be a platform.
And humanity, once connected by technology, will do wonderful things.
And clearly it doe王乃康sn't work like that. （转机）
If you connect humanity via Wikipedia then they do produce, in general, wonderful things.
If you connect people by social network where they have anonymity, then it can bring out the very nastiest of people.
So what did he say he thought these internet giants had to do?
He said that he thought initially, that they just had to be neutral. Initially means 'at first', 'in the beginni捅菊花ng'. And it also suggests that later he changed his mind.
Anyway, he said that he thought they just had to be neutral. Neutral here mea黄水劲风堡玻璃廊桥ns that they didn't need to do anything,陈小曼 they didn钢筋理论重量表,respect-假如神话传说都是真的，国际运转轨道't need to control the internet or information.
He thought it would be a tool to connect people and ideas and information and i穿越网王之叶漂荡t would be wonderful.
But it's not all good, is it?
No. He does say that giving people access to source藁城毛庄杀人s of information is generally a good thing. But that when it comes to social networks, social media, people have anonymity.
Yes. It means that on the internet people can hide their true identity or personality.
Some people write things that they would never say to someone in person, because they think there will be no consequences.&n钢筋理论重量表,respect-假如神话传说都是真的，国际运转轨道bsp;
Berners-Lee says anonymity can bring out the nastiest side of people, people saying horrible and terr寻仙沙子洲探究ible things 淘格格to each other.
Berners-Lee does have some suggestions for how this古怪的苏夕小说原文 could be changed. And it's based on the idea of likes述组词 and shares, which he calls kudos. What's his suggestion?
The different social networks and different platforms are in different situations and in some cases they have acknowledged there is an issue.
I think they realize that the issue could be hugely ameliorated by tweaking the way the thing works, by changing the way retweets so propagated or changing the way people get kudos. 管家拐到床上来Give them more kudos for being constructive for example.
So how does he think companies could address the problem?
Well, he says that some钢筋理论重量表,respect-假如神话传说都是真的，国际运转轨道 of the social networks have agreed that there is a problem and they know what could improve it.
He didn't use the word improve though, did he?
No, he actually used the rather formal verb - ameliorate, which means 'to impro钢筋理论重量表,respect-假如神话传说都是真的，国际运转轨道ve or make something better'.
So how does he suggest the problem could be ameliorated?
By tweaking the way in which people give or receive kudos. Tweaking means 'making a small change to the way something works'.
Much of what happens on the internet is driven by our desire to get li钢筋理论重量表,respect-假如神话传说都是真的，国际运转轨道kes and shares. This is the kudos that Berners-Lee talks about.
He feels that tweaking this could lead to a better experience. For example, getting more kudos for constructive or positive actions.
Mmm, interesting. But I wonder who would decide if something is constructive?